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Join us February 11th, 2016 for our first talk of the semester with Dr. George F. Wittenberg. Coffee and cookies are served.
For visitors from outside Mason - Parking is best in the Shenandoah Parking Garage ( Bldg. 43 on the campus map). The seminar will be in the Nguyen Engineering Building, Rm. 4201:  http://info.gmu.edu/Maps/FairfaxMap15TabldColor.pdf

Bioengineering Seminar
February 11th, 2016 from 12:30 PM - 1:30 PM
ENGR 4201
Speaker: George F. Wittenberg, MD and PhD, Associate Professor, Neurology, University of Maryland, Baltimore.
Seminar title: Reaching, Robots and Rehabilitation; Brain Activity and the Effects of Practice

Abstract

Many stroke patients remain dependent for some aspect of activities of daily living (ADL). Reaching in 3D to bring the hand to a point in space is an important element of ADL and is not a simple problem for the brain to solve in normal circumstances. Localization of reach control in both neurologically normal and affected individuals is of interest. While several cortical areas of importance have been identified, their relative contributions and precise role in time and space are unknown. These contributions can be probed by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), a noninvasive and painless technology that delivers precisely timed pulses of electrical current to fairly localized brain regions. A single pulse of TMS generally interferes with function, but this depends on the state of the system. We found the most significant effects for dorsal premotor area stimulation, with a gradient of effect from proximal to distal movement over time. In a related study, we found the brain effects of practiced reaching movements can be influenced and probed with motor cortical TMS Stimulation during the late reaction time phase can increase the motor output accessed by TMS.

Biography

After completing his PhD and MD at the University of California, San Diego (1991 and 1993), Dr. Wittenberg continued his training at Mercy Hospital, Washington University, and the National Institute for Neurological Disorders and Strokes (1994-2000) in Bethesda, MD. Dr. Wittenberg focuses on the use of robotic rehabilitation and uses TMS resources to perform mechanistic studies of the effect of repetitive task practice on motor cortex. Some of his contributions are sensorimotor integration and segmental specialization of sensory input in an invertebrate animal model. He has demonstrated the effectiveness of intensive arm training, with or without a robotic device to assist that training, in upper extremity motor impairments in chronic stroke, and the relationship of task difficulty to functional neuroimaging measures.


Claudia Borke
Academic Program Coordinator
Volgenau School of Engineering, Department of Bioengineering
3800 Nguyen Engineering Building, 1G5
4400 University Drive
Fairfax, VA 22030
Phone: (703) 993-4190
Fax: (703) 993-2077